Osteoarthritis (OA), also called degenerative joint disease (DJD), is the most common form of arthritis diagnosed in small animals, and is the result of damage and erosion to the joint cartilage from excessive wear and tear caused by hard joint use. It can also be the result of a hereditary or congenital joint problem, such as hip dysplasia, that results in premature cartilage damage. Read more about Osteoarthritis


Osteochondrosis is a condition that affects the formation of cartilage, which provides a protective gliding layer on the surface of the bones in a joint. In puppies with osteochondrosis, the cartilage becomes thicker than normal and unable to receive a normal supply of nutrients from the joint fluid. This lack of critical nutrients as biomechanical stresses, cause the cartilage to become weaker and more susceptible to damage. Read more about Osteochondrosis

Bone Tumors In Dogs

Bone tumors in dogs can be non-cancerous or cancerous. Cancerous tumors can be classified as benign (non-spreading, local) or malignant (invasive and capable of spreading to other sites). Non-cancerous bone tumors are rare in dogs and mainly due to abnormal development. Benign tumors are also rare. Most bone cancers (80% - 90%) are malignant. Osteosarcoma is by far the most common malignant tumor, particularly in large dogs. Read more about Bone Tumors In Dogs