Emergency and Critical Care

A specialist in emergency and critical care is a specially trained veterinarian who is dedicated to treating life-threatening conditions. They must first be a graduate veterinarian and then receive a minimum of 3 additional years of intense residency training in emergency, surgery and critical care with an American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC)-approved training program. Once the veterinarian has completed these years of specialty residency training, the individual must pass a board-certification examination. Upon successful completion of the training and passing of the examination, the veterinarian is a Diplomate of the ACVECC, is termed a “specialist”, and is board-certified in veterinary emergency and critical care.

Lily Toxicity

Spring is here and we all know that spring showers bring flowers, including Lilies!  Whether these beautiful flowers are in our yard or given as a gift, it is important to remember that they are toxic to cats!  It is very important to know which type of lily you have, as not all lilies are toxic to cats.  Hemerocallis, day lilies, and Lilium, true lilies, are the types that cause renal failure in our cats.  Cats that chew or eat any part of the plant/flower can experience kidney insult and should be evaluat Read more about Lily Toxicity


CAUTION **  Cholecalciferol **

This is one of the most dangerous mouse and rat poisons on the market. Cholecalciferol, or activated vitamin D3, causes a life-threateningly high calcium and phosphorus level in the body, resulting in severe, acute kidney failure, cardiovascular abnormalities, and tissue mineralization. This can progress to life-threatening disease. Even though this is a vitamin, it is toxic to dogs, cats, and children as well as rodents.  Human vitamin D3 supplements taken at high enough doses are also toxic via this same mechanism Read more about A DIFFERENT RODENTICIDE TOXICITY

Feline Urethral Obstruction ("Blocked Cat")

Urethral obstructions are life-threatening emergencies that can occur with our pets.  They commonly occur in male cats due to the urethra being narrower than in females.  Urethral obstructions can be caused by plugs (a mix of mucus, crystals and inflammatory cells), stones, blood clots, masses or congenital defects.  Environment and stress can also play a role in cats becoming obstructed as stressed cats can have a greater inflammatory response and increased urethral spasms.  Read more about Feline Urethral Obstruction ("Blocked Cat")

Pet Dentistry: Fractured Jaw

In veterinary practices, jaw fractures are a common phenomenon. Usually, they are caused by trauma such as being hit by a car, suffering an attack from another animal or even simply misjudging a stair height. Sometimes, jaw fractures are caused by complications in a tooth extraction procedure. Each jaw fracture is unique and consequently, may require a different treatment. X-rays can identify where the fracture(s) exist and what treatment would be appropriate. Read more about Pet Dentistry: Fractured Jaw

Rabies, a Public Health Issue

If you get Ebola, your odds for dying are 50-89%. The Plague and SARS both have mortality rates of 70%. Rabies, however, has an almost 100% mortality rate. Approximately 55,000 people worldwide die each year from rabies.

Rabies is a rhabdovirus, a negative strand RNA virus and has only five proteins. The virus is rod shaped, and enters the victim via exposure to the saliva of an infected animal. This virus only affects mammals, which includes humans. Read more about Rabies, a Public Health Issue

GDV (Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus)

Understanding GDV, also known as bloat, begins with understanding digestive system anatomy. The affected organs include the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestines, and spleen. The esophagus is the tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach; it is a hollow dilation of the gastrointestinal tract where food is initially digested. The spleen is attached to the stomach by a series of blood vessels and the gastroplenic ligament. The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine as it leaves the stomach. 

Read more about GDV (Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus)

Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs

The pancreas is a V-shaped gland found within the abdomen along the area between the stomach and the first stretch of small intestine. The primary job of the pancreas is twofold - to produce insulin (the endocrine function), and to secrete inactive digestive enzymes and the chemical bicarbonate (the exocrine function).

Insulin, which is secreted into the blood in response to carbohydrate and protein ingestion, is one of the hormones implicated in diabetes, and is administered therapeutically to diabetics to ensure the body can process digested sugars. Read more about Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs