In addition to an undergraduate degree and four years of veterinary school, a veterinary surgeon has undergone extensive training in order to become a specialist. This training consists of a minimum of a 1-year internship followed by a 3-year residency program. The surgical residency requires specific training, case load variety and publishing in scientific journals before the veterinarian is eligible to sit for the extensive board certification examination. Board certified surgeons are referred to as “Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons” or a “board-certified surgeon.”

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

A patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA, is considered the most common congenital (present at birth) heart defect in dogs. This defect occurs due to failure of the ductus arteriosus, a normal blood vessel present in the developing fetus, close to or just after birth. As a result, the ductus arteriosus remains open, or ‘patent.’ Read more about Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Perineal Hernias

Hernias are defects or weaknesses in the muscles that keep the organs such as the intestines, bladder and stomach in the abdomen. The rectum and anus are held in place by five muscles, that are altogether called the pelvic diaphragm. Perineal hernias develop on one or both sides of the anus due to weakness in the muscles that constitute the pelvic diaphragm. Seen in both dogs and cats, perineal hernias describe the displacement of pelvic and abdominal organs (rectum, prostate, bladder or fat) into the perineal region alongside the anus. Read more about Perineal Hernias

Elbow Dysplasia


The elbow is a complex joint made up of three bones, the humerus in the upper arm and the radius and ulna in the lower forearm. The radius is the weight bearing bone in the forearm, and the top of the radius is flat and supports the humerus. The top of the ulna curves around the humerus to allow the normal movements of the elbow joint. Read more about Elbow Dysplasia


What is Hemangiosarcoma?

Hemangiosarcoma is a highly malignant cancerous tumor that originates from blood vessels often in the spleen or heart although may occur in any blood vessels in the body.  The cancer commonly spreads to other organs including liver, lungs, heart, brain, spinal cord, skin, and muscles. Read more about Hemangiosarcoma

Total Hip Replacement


A total hip replacement is generally performed in larger dogs with severe degenerative joint disease (DJD). Canine hip dysplasia is the most common reason for the degeneration of the hip joint, however other causes such as trauma may result in severe DJD and the need for joint replacement. Read more about Total Hip Replacement

Bladder Tumors - TCC


Our pets’ urinary systems function much like those of humans. They consist of the kidneys, the ureters, the urinary bladder, and the urethra. The kidneys filter the blood to remove wastes from the bloodstream, and also maintain the electrolyte, or salt, balance of the body. That waste then becomes urine, and travels through the ureters to the bladder, which is able to expand thanks to the transitional cells that make up its lining and its muscular wall. When an animal urinates, the urine passes out of the body through the urethra.

The most common type of urinary bladder cancer in dogs is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) - a tumor of the cells that line the bladder. Most tumors are classified as intermediate to high-grade infiltrative bladder tumors at the time of diagnosis.

TCC can also arise in the ureters, urethra, prostate, or vagina and can spread (metastasize) to the lungs, lymph nodes, bones, or other organs. Approximately 20% of dogs with bladder cancer have metastases at the time of diagnosis. Other less common types of tumors of the bladder cancer of the urinary tract may include leiomyosarcomas and fibrosarcomas. Read more about Bladder Tumors - TCC